Vincent van Gogh is one of the most famous post-Impressionist artists in the world! He was born in Groot-Zundert in the southern Netherlands in 1853 and grew up in a middle-class family. As an adult, he worked as an art dealer in The Hague, a substitute teacher in England, a minister’s assistant, and a missionary, while developing his skill in sketching and painting. After a restless youth and several love affairs that ended unhappily, Van Gogh began to pursue his artistic career with greater dedication. He had particularly creative periods in Nuenen, where he painted the local peasants and workers, and in Arles, where he produced over 200 paintings and 100 other sketches, drawings, and watercolors in bright, striking colors. While in Arles, he had a kind of breakdown, which resulted in him severing his ear with a razor. He was taken to hospital, where he was cared for off and on for the next month before moving to the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole asylum in Saint-Rémy. He lived and worked in the asylum for about a year, producing some of his finest pieces, including The Starry Night, before moving to Auvers-sur-Oise, a suburb of Paris. This move was an attempt to be closer to Dr. Paul Gachet and his brother Theo, but his letters from this period also describe his “sadness and extreme loneliness”. In July 1890, Vincent van Gogh shot himself in the chest with a revolver, dying 30 hours later with his brother by his side, aged only 37. Many have tried to diagnose Van Gogh’s mental illness since his death, but it's generally agreed that, whatever his condition, his mental health deeply impacted his work - providing inspiration for some of his most emotional works but also preventing him from working during certain periods and causing him extreme distress. Van Gogh’s fame began to grow slowly after his death, picking up pace after a retrospective in Paris in 1901, and again after his letters were published in 1914. Films, books, and television series about the artist and his work have ensured that today Van Gogh is a household name, giving him the recognition he never received within his lifetime.