Phillip Island is 40 square miles (100 square kilometers) off the coast of New South Wales, across the Western Port Bay from the Mornington Peninsula. It was originally home to the Bunurong people, part of the Kulin nation of indigenous Australians, and was gradually taken over by Europeans from 1798 onwards. Today the island has a population of about 9,400 permanent residents, with the population surging to 40,000 in summer as tourists and other visitors come to enjoy the landscape and beaches of the island. In addition to cliffs, wetlands, and beaches ideal for surfing, the island is home to a nature park that is well-known for its animal conservation efforts. Walk the trails, visit the Koala Conservation Center, or wait until sunset in order to witness the famous Penguin Parade.