The main attraction for most people is definitely the Parthenon, which on the surface looks like the ultimate classical temple, but has a couple of architectural quirks. It was dedicated to Athena Parthenos, the patron goddess of the city of Athens, but in later years it became a church (dedicated to Saint Sophia) and then a mosque. It was badly damaged during a siege in 1687 before many of the sculptural decorations were taken by Lord Elgin to the British Museum in the 19th Century. It’s the most recognizable building at the site, but there’s more! You’ll also see the unusual structure of the Erechtheion, which has three distinct areas dedicated to three different gods - Athena Polias, Poseidon-Erectheus, and Hephaestus. The temple was the home of the city’s most important religious relics: marks of Poseidon’s trident, the saltwater well which he created by striking the rock, and the olive tree which Athena conjured when the two gods were competing to decide who would be the city’s patron. The Erechtheion has a portico to the north, and the south porch is held up by caryatids - giant sculptures of women. There are two other major structures, the Temple of Athena Nike (the first Ionic temple on the Acropolis - most of the other buildings are Doric), which celebrated military victories, and the Propylaia, which is the monumental gateway to the site.