History of horror
As early as 1940, Auschwitz I was established as a concentration camp for political prisoners, while the larger Auschwitz-Birkenau II camp was built in 1941 as a labor and extermination camp. Up to 125,000 people could be imprisoned in the latter; however, most were immediately killed in the gas chambers and burned in the crematoria immediately upon arrival. Not only did over 1 million Jews meet a horrible death at the hands of Nazi mass murder, but hundreds of thousands of Sinti, Roma, Poles and homosexuals also died here. Those who were not murdered in the gas chambers often died from mistreatment or malnutrition. On January 27, 1945, the camp was liberated by the Red Army.